Russia's gold and foreign currency reserves dropped below $400 billion for the first time since August 2009 as of Dec. 19, the Central Bank said Thursday.
The Central Bank has spent over $80 billion defending the ruble this year, as a sharp slide in oil prices and Western sanctions over the Ukraine crisis have driven the Russian currency sharply lower, threatening financial stability.
The bank has expanded its foreign-currency repurchase agreement operations in response to market instability, offering banks foreign currency for a period of one week, 28 days and one year, to ease a deficit of dollars and euros.
Analysts said around $5 billion of the $15 billion fall in the week to Dec. 19 was because of interventions to support the ruble, while around $7 billion was due to foreign currency loaned to banks as part of repo operations.
Since that foreign currency will be returned to the Central Bank at a later stage, the reserves could recover some of the losses in the near or mid-term, they said, adding that the remainder of the losses were likely due to shifts in the value of the bank's foreign-currency holdings.