U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry has said Washington and its allies will stand united in their support of Ukraine, while warning Russia that NATO territory is inviolable and the alliance would defend every piece of it.
"Today Russia seeks to change the security landscape of Eastern and Central Europe," U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said in a speech in Washington referring to Russia's occupation of Crimea and the threat it posed to eastern Ukraine.
"Whatever path they [Russia] choose, I can guarantee this: the U.S. and our allies will stand together in support of Ukraine," Kerry said.
"We have to make it absolutely clear to the Kremlin that NATO territory is inviolable. We will defend every single piece of it," he added.
"Article V of the NATO treaty must mean something, and our allies on the frontline need and deserve no less," Kerry said, referring to the NATO agreement that any attack on one member is an attack on all.
NATO, the 28-member alliance dominated by the U.S. has made clear it does not plan to get involved militarily in Ukraine, which is not a NATO member.
But it announced plans last week to send more ships, planes and troops to eastern Europe to reassure members of the alliance, particularly the ex-Soviet republics in the Baltics, worried by Russia's annexation of Ukraine's Crimea region.
In a call to NATO members, Kerry also said it was time for allies whose spending was below the NATO benchmark of 2 percent of GDP to make "credible commitments" to increase their spending over the next five years.
Kerry said the U.S. and its European allies had tried over the years to engage with Russia, but that recent events in Ukraine meant that "Russia is playing by a different set of rules."
He said that while Ukraine had acted immediately to implement an agreement to de-escalate the crisis reached in Geneva on April 17 "not one single step has been taken by Russia in any public way that seriously attempts to live by the spirit or the law of what was assigned in that agreement."
Kerry, who spoke at a Washington think-tank event attended by ministers from several EU and NATO countries, said the U.S. and its allies had to ensure European countries were not dependent on Russian energy supplies.