The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank have allocated 1 million euros ($1.37 million) to commission a study of gas flaring in Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
The Norwegian consultancy Carbon Limits and in-country expert partners will carry out the study, with results to be unveiled next year, the banks said in an e-mailed statement.
Gas flaring involves burning natural gases that arise as a byproduct of oil extraction, but are not necessarily practical to reuse.
The study will identify opportunities to cut down on the practice, which is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions.
About 40 billion cubic meters of associated gas was flared in Europe and Central Asia last year, representing 30 percent of the worldwide total, the banks said.
The Natural Resources and Environment Ministry has won agreement from the Finance Ministry to hike charges for oil companies that flare more than 5 percent of their associated gas by a factor of 12 from 2012 and a factor of 25 from 2014, Vedomosti reported Tuesday.
The plan, which a natural resources ministry official said would reward companies that invest in using associated gas, has yet to be approved by other ministries.
The ministry had to back down from a proposal to hike the fines by a factor of 100 for oil fields with meters, and 1,000 for fields where the amount of associated gas is not measured, the paper reported.
Russian oil companies currently pay a total of about 340 million rubles ($11.4 million) in charges for excessive gas flaring, Vedomosti reported earlier, citing ministry figures. Rosneft and Gazprom are the worst offenders, flaring more than 40 percent of their associated gas.