Moscow and St. Petersburg lead Europe in traffic jams, with only Istanbul ranking higher in Eurasia, according to a recent list by Dutch navigation and mapmaking company TomTom.
Moscow is the fourth most traffic-snarled city in the world, with car trips on average taking 50 percent longer than if the roads were clear. St. Petersburg ranks seventh, with the average trip taking 44 percent longer, and Istanbul is No. 1 with 58 percent, according to the ranking of almost 150 cities.
The most traffic is during the evening rush hour, increasing the duration of car trips in Moscow by 103 percent and St. Petersburg by 96 percent. In fact, during the evening rush hour, Moscow and St. Petersburg are respectively the second and third most gridlocked cities in the world.
Traffic in Moscow is getting relatively better, though, as the city had topped the ranking for the past two years. City authorities have made the traffic problem a top priority, encouraging commuters to use public transportation and installing paid parking lots and towing illegally parked cars.
In St. Petersburg, though, traffic is getting worse. This is the first time in recent years that Russia's northern capital has been included in the ranking's top 10.
In December last year, the Yandex search engine, which provides a popular mapping service for tracking traffic jams around Moscow, announced that traffic congestion in the city over the past year had improved for the first time since 2010.
City Hall's agency for reducing traffic jams, the Center for Organizing Road Movement, also said at the time that Moscow no longer had the worst traffic in the world, thanks to "the elimination of chaotic parking," as well as better monitoring of the observance of traffic rules and the reconfiguration of traffic lights, the Kommersant newspaper reported.
But the head of a motorist rights group called the Blue Buckets, which protests against migalki —the flashing blue lights that city officials can have on their cars to bypass traffic laws, a perk that is often blamed for exacerbating traffic — told Kommersant that the reasons for improved traffic in Moscow have been mostly economic.
"The incomes of 40 percent of people have fallen, and one in 10 people in Moscow has lost his or her job," Pyotr Shkumatov was quoted on Tuesday as saying, though a source for these statistics was not mentioned. "As a result, people are not driving their cars. The consumption of fuel has fallen."