This is the most modern and largest ski area and only a 1.5 hour drive from Moscow. It has restaurants, a daycare, ski rental and ski schools. For beginners this area is perfect to practice. You can easily go here for a day trip, but if you'd like to stay overnight try: https://www.moscowliving.org/blog/chalet-yakhroma-perfect-group-accommodation, or the next door hotel complex http://www.sorochany-mdk.ru/.
Shukolovo « Горнолыжный клуб Леонида Тягачева »
These are 2 very small ski areas that are mostly suitable for beginners. It has 3 lifts and you can ski on 2 mountains. There is a ski rental and a restaurant. If you are a little more advanced we recommend to go to nearby Sorochany.
The ski slopes at Krylatskoe are perfect for a day trip because it's within the MKAD and easy to reach by metro! There a several ski schools and rental options, so perfect for learning to ski or for a sporty day trip with the skyline of Moscow city :). There's also a tubing slope and rental. Great family activity!
Chylkovo «Горнолыжный клуб Гая Северина»
After Krylatskoe this is the closest ski area to Moscow, just outside of the MKAD. It only has 3 lifts and 3 slopes with an altitude of 75 meters. But if you just want to practice a bit, it's fine for a day trip. You can even go here by metro and taxi.
This is the largest area close to the city that you can reach by metro (Nagornaya). It has 17 slopes, a ski school, ski rental and a huge ski store. The altitude is only 55m, but for the little ones this is perfect to learn how to ski!
All in all there are a few nearby ski options, but if you'd like to get the full experience and if you can go for a weekend, take the little effort to go to Sochi! It's just a 1.5 hour flight and a 45 min. taxi drive and you'll enjoy Russia's high quality powder snow on the beautiful mountains of Roza Chutor! https://www.moscowliving.org/blog/sochi-weekend-ski