Moscow
MIN +2
MAX +11
Partly Cloudy / 01:33 PM / Traffic

Viktor Yanukovych

Viktor Yanukovych Viktor Yanukovych (¬иктор ‘едорович янукович) was born on July 9, 1950, in Yenakiyevo, Ukraine, to a metalworker and a nurse. His mother died when he was 2, and his father died when Yanukovych was in his teens. He was raised by his Polish grandmother. Yanukovych is a native Russian speaker; his Ukrainian is noticeably weaker.

Education: Mechanical engineering, Donetsk Polytechnic Institute (now Donetsk State Technical University), 1980. International law, Ukrainian Academy of Foreign Trade, 2001.

He was twice convicted of violent crimes — robbery and moderate assault (1967) and assault (1970) — as a young man.

Early 1970s: Worked as an electrician in a bus company before entering Donetsk Polytechnic Institute

1980s-early 1990s: Worked in the transportation industry in eastern Ukraine, reaching senior managerial posts. He entered the Communist Party shortly after graduating from university.

1997-2002: Governor of Donetsk, an eastern, coal-producing region

2002-2004: Prime minister under President Leonid Kuchma. He replaced Anatoly Kinakh; critics had characterized Kinakh's government as weak and indecisive. The move was seen by analysts as an effort to stave off Kuchma's political problems and regain political control. At this point, Yanukovych was already being touted as a potential successor to Kuchma (story).

November 2004-January 2005: Orange Revolution. After trailing Viktor Yushchenko in the first round of the presidential election, Yanukovych defeated Yushchenko in a runoff vote that was condemned as fraudulent by the opposition — which organized massive demonstrations — international observers and, eventually, the Supreme Court. Yushchenko decisively won a court-ordered re-run of the vote (story).

2006: Yanukovych's Party of the Regions won parliamentary elections

2006-2007: Prime minister under President Viktor Yushchenko. Appointed after the Orange Revolution parties failed to form a coalition.

Feb. 7, 2010: Elected president of Ukraine, defeating Yulia Tymoshenko by 3.48 percent of the vote in a runoff. Highlights of his tenure include the withdrawing of the hero status bestowed on wartime nationalist leader Stepan Bandera (story), a political balancing act between pro-Russia and pro-Western interests (story), and prosecutions against former opposition leaders, including Yulia Tymoshenko (story) and former President Kuchma (story).

March 2010: Yanokovych replaced Yulia Tymoshenko with Mykola Azarov as prime minister (story).

He is married and has two sons.

Kiev Wants Global Court to Investigate War Crimes in Crimea, Eastern Ukraine

THE HAGUE — Ukraine wants the International Criminal Court to investigate all alleged recent war crimes in Crimea and eastern Ukraine, Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin said in an interview, broadening an existing probe.

Murder of Pro-Russian Lobbyists Increases Tension in Ukraine Standoff

A Ukrainian journalist known for his pro-Russian views was shot dead on Thursday in Kiev, a day after the killing of a political supporter of ousted President Viktor Yanukovych.

Russian Activist Who Nailed Testicles to Red Square Charged With Vandalism Over Ukraine Stunt

Russian artist Pyotr Pavlensky, known for his shocking protest stunts, is facing vandalism charges over a performance last year in support of Ukraine's pro-European protesters, news reports said.

Ukraine's Tangled Web of Oligarchs and Activists

Ukrainian civil society has become something of a paradox over the past year. Following former President Viktor Yanukovych's ouster in February 2014, civil society organizations successfully guided the country through a difficult transfer of power.

Ukraine Determined to Join NATO

Ukraine, locked in conflict with Russian-backed separatists in its east, on Thursday drew up a new security doctrine denouncing Russia's "aggression" and setting its sights on joining the U.S.-led NATO military alliance.

Russian Troops Hold Drills Reportedly Modeled on Maidan Protests

Russia's Interior Ministry troops are conducting large-scale exercises involving a “full arsenal” of anti-riot weapons to practice suppressing political protests.

print



Most Read

advertising
Moscow Directory