Get the latest updates as we post them — right on your browser

. Last Updated: 03/03/2015

Gennady Zyuganov

Gennady Zyuganov

Gennady Zyuganov (Геннадий Андреевич Зюганов) was born on June 26, 1944, in Mymrino, Oryol region. His parents were teachers.

Education: Physics and mathematics education, Oryol State Teachers Institute, 1969. Masters, science, Academy of Social Sciences of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, 1980. Ph.D., science, Moscow State University.

1963-1966: Served in the Soviet armed forces

1966: Joined the Communist Party

1970-1978: Deputy to Oryol city and regional councils. Led the regional committee on youth issues.

1974-1978: Taught advanced mathematics the Oryol State Teachers Institute (he returned to teach philosophy from 1981-1983)

1974-1983: Head of the Oryol Party propaganda division

1983-1989: Instructor, head of the propaganda division and deputy director of the agitprop division of the Central Committee of the Communist Party

1989-1990: Deputy director of the ideology division of the Central Committee of the Communist Party

1990: Secretary of the Central Committee and member of the Communist Party Politburo. Chairman of the standing committee on humanitarian and ideological issues for the Russian Communist Party.

Early 1991: Calls for Mikhail Gorbachev's ouster as general secretary

August 1991: Loses bid for first secretary of the Communist Party to Valentin Kuptsov

1991-1992: Following Yeltsin's ban on the Communist Party, Zyuganov was involved in several hard-line organizations, including the Russian Slavic Assembly and the National Salvation Front. (President Yeltsin's ban of the Communist Party was struck down by the Supreme Court in December 1992.)

February 1993: Elected chairman of the Communist Party's Central Committee

September-October 1993: Zyuganov was inside the White House during much of President Yeltsin's showdown with parliament. But according to media reports, Zyuganov called for a peaceful resolution to the crisis and left the building when its defenders took up arms.

December 1993-present: State Duma deputy with the Communist Party (re-elected in 1995, 1999, 2003 and 2007). Leader of the Communist Party faction in the State Duma.

January 1995-present: Chairman of the Communist Party

Summer 1996: Finished second to Boris Yeltsin in a presidential runoff election, scoring 40.41 percent of votes to Yeltsin's 53.72 percent.

May 1999: Led failed attempt to impeach President Yeltsin

March 2000: Lost his second presidential bid, this time to Vladimir Putin, scoring 29.21 percent of the vote to Putin's 52.94 percent.

2008: Loses third presidential bid. Dmitry Medvedev won 70 percent of the vote compared with Zyuganov's 18 percent. Re-elected Communist Party chairman.

April 2011: Announced that he will run for president in 2012, a move analysts say had less to do with his chances of winning than with his own position within the Communist Party. A poll by the state-run VTsIOM agency in December 2010 gave Zyuganov just 4 percent of the vote if he ran against Medvedev, who would win with 50 percent.

Zyuganov has more than 150 scientific works on philosophy, history and politics to his name. He enjoys tennis and volleyball.

He is married and has two children.

From the Archive: Nemtsov Tells His Story in 'The Provincial Man'

An archival piece on Russian opposition leader Boris Nemtsov.

Nemtsov a Possible 'Sacrificial Victim,' And Other Official Thoughts on the Murder

Maybe it was Islamic extremists who killed Boris Nemtsov. Or someone offended by his love life. Or agents of a Western power that will stop at nothing to disfigure President Vladimir Putin's image and drive him from power.

PACE Beefs Up Security After Attack on Russian Communists

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) implemented heightened security measures Tuesday after a pair of Ukrainian nationalist lawmakers attacked two of their Russian Communist counterparts on the council's premises.

Russian Lawmakers Slam 'Lame Duck' Obama, Overlook Real Threat

Widespread losses among U.S. President Barack Obama's fellow Democrats in the U.S. midterm congressional elections this week have prompted an outpouring of seemingly misguided glee from Russian politicians.

Can Putin's Popularity Last?

Putin's approval ratings are at an all-time high, but he'll have to work hard to keep them there, write columnists Samuel Greene and Graeme B. Robertson.

These Russian Men on a Nuclear Sub Put the Ice Bucket Challenge to Shame (Video)

Russia has been rather slow to respond to the Ice Bucket Challenge craze that has taken the West by storm this summer, with President Vladimir Putin having ignored several appeals to douse himself for the charity.


Most Read

Moscow Directory