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. Last Updated: 09/01/2014

Dmitry Medvedev

Government

Dmitry Medvedev Dmitry Medvedev (Дмитрий Анатольевич Медведев) was born on Sept. 14, 1965, in Leningrad. Both his parents were university professors.

Education: Law, Leningrad State University, 1987. Ph.D., law, 1990. He specialized in private, corporate and securities law.

Spring 1989: Actively participated in Anatoly Sobchak's successful campaign for the Congress of People’s Deputies. According to some reports, he was Sobchak's de facto campaign manager. Sobchak, a former professor of Medvedev's, was an outspoken advocate for political pluralism and free markets.

1990s: Co-founded various businesses, including a small, state-owned business Uran (1990), Balfort consultancy (1994), and the Fintsell holding company. In 1993, he became a legal adviser to paper maker Ilim Pulp and other companies. In 1998, he served as chairman of the Bratsk Forestry Complex.

1990-1999: Taught law at his alma mater, which was renamed St. Petersburg State University in 1991, and tended to his private law practice. He has published several law textbooks.

1990: Adviser to Anatoly Sobchak, who had risen to Leningrad City Council chairman. Here, Medvedev met and worked under another former student of Sobchak's, Vladimir Putin.

1991-1996: Legal adviser to St. Petersburg Committee on External Relations. Mayor Sobchak was ousted by Vladimir Yakovlev, a former deputy, in 1996 elections.

December 1999: Appointed deputy head of the presidential staff. Medvedev was one of several St. Petersburg colleagues that Vladimir Putin brought to Moscow after he became prime minister in August 1999.

February-March 2000: Ran Vladimir Putin's presidential campaign

2000-2001, 2002-2008: Chairman of the board of directors of Gazprom. Medvedev was at the helm of the state-owned gas giant's media arm when it took over the private NTV television channel. Also, under his leadership, the company showed no qualms about using the state's muscle to edge out independent rivals.

2003: Became presidential chief of staff, replacing Alexander Voloshin

2005-2008: First deputy prime minister in charge of the national priority projects, which were aimed at the public health, education, housing and agriculture sectors. Inside the Kremlin, Medvedev aligned himself with a powerful clan often described as the St. Petersburg lawyers or technocrats. This group is thought to have a more liberal view on the state's role in the economy, foreign policy and civil liberties than the other major Kremlin clan, the siloviki, which consists of hawkish defense and security service officials.

Medvedev oversaw judicial reforms that he said would make the courts more transparent and open to ordinary people. In February 2005, when the court system was under fierce fire at the height of the Yukos affair, Medvedev announced that his reform was complete and the courts were finally "genuinely independent."

Dec. 10, 2007: President Putin announced Medvedev as his preferred successor in a staged television event in which four political parties — United Russia, A Just Russia, Agrarian Party, Civil Force — presented Medvedev as their selection, and Putin seconded it. Putin had kept the name of his preferred successor secret, fueling speculation by erratically offering promotions and praise to members of his retinue. Medvedev, along with First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov and Prime Minister Viktor Zubkov, had been widely seen as a front-runner.

March 2, 2008: Elected president. His domestic priorities have been modernization and privatization, as well as combating corruption and "legal nihilism." Foreign policy highlights have included a brief war with Georgia in August 2008, and improved relations with the United States under the so-called "reset."

According to media reports, Medvedev's nicknames within the Kremlin include “vizier” and “nanopresident.”

He is married to his school sweetheart, Svetlana, and together they have one son, Ilya (b. 1996).

Russia's 'Secret War' in Ukraine Technically Legal

The secrecy shrouding a group of Russian paratroopers allegedly deployed to Ukraine has caused an outcry among the liberal media and immeasurable worry to troops' relatives.

Medvedev to Conduct Snap Checks on Supermarket Food Prices

At a time when concerns about inflation in Russia are mounting, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has vowed to personally check the price of goods in supermarkets on a regular basis, his spokeswoman told Interfax on Monday.

Russia's Houses of Parliament Set for Long-Awaited Move

In a move aimed at easing central Moscow's nightmarish traffic congestion, Russia's two houses of parliament will be relocated to a new hub slated to be built in northwest Moscow, news agency RIA Novosti quoted a spokeswoman for the lower house's speaker, Sergei Naryshkin, as saying.

Decade After Beslan, Questions Remain Unanswered

The children who set off for their first day of school 10 years ago in the small Caucasus town of Beslan, North Ossetia will graduate from high school this coming academic year — at least, those who survived will.

Government Agrees to Extra $30 Million for Flood-Damaged Roads in Far East

Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has signed off on an additional 1.1 billion rubles ($30 million) for road repair in areas of Russia's Far East damaged during floods last year, according to a document published on the government's website Thursday.

Yakunin Gets 3 More Years as Russian Railways Chief

Vladimir Yakunin, the long-serving president of Russia's biggest employer, Russian Railways, was on Monday appointed to a new three-year term by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, putting to bed months of speculation that he would get the boot.

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