Arkady Dvorkovich (Àðêàäèé Âëàäèìèðîâè÷ Äâîðêîâè÷) was born on March 26, 1972, in Moscow. He is fluent in English and German. His father, Vladimir, was an international chess arbiter.
Economist Arkady Dvorkovich was one of the few officials to publicly criticize Vladimir Putin's decision to return to the presidency last September, and his appointment as a deputy prime minister adds a strong liberal voice to the new Cabinet.
With a prodigious memory for economic statistics, which he attributes to his chess-playing ability, native Muscovite Dvorkovich is widely seen as politically and ideologically close to Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.
The graduate of Moscow State University and Duke University in North Carolina served under Vladimir Putin as an adviser during his second term in the Kremlin but was a loyal aide to Medvedev between 2008 and 2012.
Dvorkovich also worked under German Gref, now president of state-owned financial giant Sberbank, when Gref was director of the Center for Strategic Development and subsequently made economic development minister in 2000.
As an aide to Medvedev, Dvorkovich has been closely associated with two of the then-president's most strident efforts to reduce the state's presence in the economy: the push to remove Cabinet ministers from the boards of state companies and attempts to expand the scope of privatization.
His position has brought him into conflict with other political factions in the Kremlin.
An active user of the microblogging site Twitter, Dvorkovich has enjoyed a high profile as a mouthpiece for Medvedev on economic issues. Outside politics, however, the son of a famous chess judge is the head of the supervisory council of Russia's Chess Federation.
Education: Economics, Moscow State University (MGU), 1994; New Economic School, 1996; Duke University, 1997
1994: Worked for the Economic Expert Group of the Finance Ministry, eventually becoming chairman
2001-2004: Deputy economic development and trade minister, responsible for macroeconomic policy; helped develop 2010 development plan; worked on medium-term programs and key projects, including tax reform; personal adviser to Economic Development and Trade Minister German Gref (2000-2001)
2004-2008: Head of the Presidential Administration's Expert Department
2006: Member of the governing board of the Russian Football Union; head of the football development program
2007: First vice president of the Russian Chess Federation, later president
2008-2012: Economic aide to President Dmitry Medvedev and the president's representative to the Group of Eight industrialized nations
2010-present: Member of the State Commission on Economic Growth and Integration
May 2012-present: Deputy prime minister in Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev's Ñabinet